Marker is a long thin paper which contains all necessary pattern pieces for different sizes for a particular style of garments. It is planned in such a way that fabric wastage would be least.
By making a marker it is possible to achieve more benefit by producing a garment with reduced wastage. Normally the width of a marker is kept according to the cutable width of the fabric and the length of a marker normally depends on the number and sizes of pattern placed on a marker. The length also depends on-
- Number of garments to be produced from a spread lay
- Length of cutting table
- Production planning etc.
For marker making, white paper or newsprint paper is used. At first all large patterns are placed on the marker. After that small sized patterns are placed in between the gaps of large patterns. In this way higher marker efficiency can be achieved. To produce a marker with better efficiency, a very efficient marker maker is required.
Purpose of Marker Making
- Using the least amount of fabric to produce a garment and make industry profitable every time.
- To cut huge amount of fabric in short time.
- To calculate the consumption for a particular style.
- For cutting large amount of fabric using less people.
- To cut the fabric with perfection according to the measurement.
- To make a perfect production plan.
Points to be considered before Marker Making
ü Fabric width must be higher than the marker width(1/2+1/2″”)
ü Fabric length must be higher than the marker length(1”+1”)
ü When the pattern pieces are laid down on the layer of fabric, the grain line should be parallel to the line of the warp in a woven fabric and wales in a knit fabric. Where pattern pieces are laid across the layer, the grain line is kept parallel to weft/course.
ü All the pattern pieces of a garment should be along the same direction when laid down on an asymmetric fabric.
ü Length of cutting table should be considered.
ü Plan for garments production should also be considered.
For efficient marker planning, it is required to ensure the following things:
ü One should easily see the full length.( Applicable for manual marker making)
ü To know about the appropriate width/ Cutable width of the fabric.
ü The marker starts with the large pattern pieces. Then fits the smaller pieces in the gap of the larger pieces. Thus the fabric wastage is minimized and efficiency is increased. (It is the common technique0
ü After that the patterns are shuffled in various directions to reduce the marker length. It also helps to increase marker efficiency