Marker making methods

Marker can be made either in i) Manual method or in ii) Computerized method.

1. Manual Method:

The method of marker making which is done by the hand of people with his own planning is known as manual method of marker making. In this method physical & mental industry is necessary.

Manual method is of two types:

     a)    Marker planning with full size pattern.

     b)  Marker with minimized pattern.

a) Marker planning with full size pattern:

  • In this method, all patterns are in full dimension according to standard measurement.
  • Hard patterns are placed on paper or on fabric and then all patterns are marked by turning different direction to minimize the fabric usage.
  • The tables, on which the markers are placed, are arranged in such a way so that they do no tilt.
  • Vacuum system is arranged under the table for suction.
  •  This method is suitable for markers of shorter length. When different sizes of patterns are taken for making a marker, in that case it is not useful.

b) Marker with minimized pattern:

  • Full sized patterns are minimized 1/5 part by a pantograph and the patterns are made up of hard paper or plastic sheet.
  • Marker is planned with small pattern pieces.
  • After making, snaps are taken by camera.
  • The covered area of pattern in marker is measured by planimeter.
  • Marker efficiency is measured by calculating marker area & pattern area.
  • Marker photograph and miniature markers are stored.
  • From more minimized marker, full size markers are made with more marker efficiency.
  • Sometimes, for pantographs’ problem, full size markers give more efficiency.
  • Suitable for large volume.
Pantograph

Fig: Pantograph

Planimeter: An instrument for measuring the area of any plane figure, however irregular, by passing a tracer around the bounding line.

Fig: Planimeter

Fig: Planimeter

 2. Computerized Method:

  1. This is the best method of marker making and widely used.
  2. In this method, every component of patterns is kept in the memory of the computer and Grade rule is also mentioned.
  3. Then the computer makes the marker by its pre-fashioned programming technique.
  4. The information of patterns can be stored by
  • Digitizing System
  • Scanning System

i. Digitizing System:

  •  In this process, patterns are placed in the digitizing board.
  • Every portion of the components are send to the memory of the computer by clicking special mouse around the pieces.

ii. Scanning System:

  • This is a special type of machine like photocopiers.
  • Working patterns are placed on the scanning glass and then marker is made in a selected size.
  • Grade ruler is used for making other sizes.

Advantages Of Computerized Method:

  1. Suitable for large-scale production.
  2. Marker efficiency is higher than manual method.
  3. Least amount of wastage of fabric.
  4. If required, printout of marker is possible anytime.
  5. Automatic grading.
  6. Less time and manpower required, so production is higher.

Disadvantages Of Computerized Method:

  1. High initial investment.
  2. Skilled operator needed.

Difference Between Manual Technique And Computerize Technique:

 

Computerize Technique

 

Manual Technique

01 Computerized is the best method of marker making and widely used. 01 Manual is not the best method of marker making and not widely used.
02 In this method, every component of patterns is kept in the memory of the computer and Grade ruler is also mentioned. 02 In this method, every component of patterns is kept in the memory of the marker maker and Grade rulers are not mentioned.
03 Suitable for large scale production. 03 Suitable for small scale production.
04 Marker efficiency is higher than manual method. 04 Marker efficiency is comparatively lower.
05 Least amount of wastage of fabric. 05 Large amount of wastage of fabric.
06 If required, printout of marker is possible anytime. 06 Printout of marker is not possible anytime.
07 Automatic grading. 07 Only manual grading.
08 Less time required, so productivity is higher. 08 Productivity is lower.
09 High initial investment. 09 Lower initial investment.
10 Skilled operator needed. 10 Workable without skilled operator.
11 The information of patterns can be stored by –

i. Digitizing System,

ii. Scanning System.11There is no automatic/ electronic way storing information.

 

Computerized Marker Making:

Computerized marker making method is of two (2) types. They are –

  1. Automatic Marker Making
  2. Interactive Method

01. Automatic Marker Making:

  1. In this process computer itself produces marker form different pattern pieces.
  2. In the automatic marker making system, the computer makes the marker itself according to the command given to computer.
  3. In this process, higher marker efficiency can be achieved but it is a time-consuming method, because computer use permutation – combination method to produce marker.
  4. The modern systems however overcome this problem of time and now a days it is possible to get automatic marker only in 2 minutes with a satisfactory level of marker efficiency.

02. Interactive method:

  1. It is a common process, here the marker planner plan markers by interacting directly with the system through a computer screen.
  2. Two horizontal lines are shown in middle of the screen which indicates the marker width.
  3. A vertical line in the left indicates the start of the marker and right side is open at first.
  4. All the pattern pieces are displayed in the miniature form at the top of the screen.
  5. They are dragged & dropped in the marker area.
  6. After placing of all pattern pieces, it is possible to see the data like marker efficiency, marker length, and marker width etc. information just below the parallel lines.
  7. After completion of marker making, it is saved in the computer memory & it is possible to take the printout of the marker any time.

Difference between Automatic & Interactive method of marker making:

Automatic Method

Interactive Method

Most efficient marker making system Less efficient than automatic system
More time required to make marker Comparatively less time required
Marker is made by previously planned data Marker is made by a manual-computer combination
Small size patterns are displayed in computer screen, but full size in computer memory All the pattern pieces are displayed in miniature at the top of screen.
Advertisements

Posted on December 25, 2013, in Garments Technology-I and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 1 Comment.

  1. gerber accumark 8.5 CAD fashion pattern design windows 10 – full download. Accurate pattern making software for perfect fitting garments.
    contact for information : rubbisb@gmail.com

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: