The process to remove unwanted crease & wrinkles & to produce crease in wanted/required area to give the garment a smooth, lusturious & fine appearance is known as pressing.

Pressing is also known as “Ironing”.

In technical sense, ‘pressing can be defined as a process which changes the geometric fibre structure of the area being pressed by the controlled application of heat, steam & pressure’.

In this sense, removing a crease from a garment involves the same change of fibre lay as that required to open a seam or to press a hem.

Pressing is a crucial process which imparts the final finish to a garment & present the garment attractively to the final customer.

So we can say that,

  • Pressing means ‘Shaping the materials’.
  • Pressing is affected by the application of heat & pressure for a certain time.
  • Steam, compressed air & suction can assist the process.
  • Steam is an effective medium of heating & also delivers moisture which is required for setting.
  • The setting effect is fixed by cooling which is happened by the suction or compressed air.

Classification of Pressing:

The total process of pressing can be divided into two groups of operations

  1. Under pressing.

  2. Top/Final/OFF pressing.

Under pressing:

For the precise opportunity of sewing the garments easily & firmly, the pressing is done on the garment parts during assembling is known as under pressing.

So we can say that,

  • Operations performed on garment parts during making up are known as under pressing.
  • Under pressing is Required to improve the accuracy of sewing.
  • Under pressing is required for Flattening of edge (Like pocket corners) before joining.
  • Also required before collar & cuff joining.

Top/Final/OFF pressing:

  • Final operation performed on fully assembled garments.
  • Has great impact on the final product & its acceptance to the final buyer.

Objects of Pressing:

1. Removal of unwanted crease/wrinkles:

During garments making, wrinkles may occur in garments for different reasons, but these crease/ wrinkles are not desired. Crease/wrinkle may be found in garments after washing & drying. To remove these unwanted creases & wrinkles pressing is done.

2. To apply crease where necessary:

Sometimes crease is necessary in the garments to increase the beauty. Crease is required before & after sewing also . Pressing is done in the desired place/ area of the garments for required crease.

3. Shaping:

Dart & seam are used to make garments properly fit with the shape of human body. To make these darts more attractive pressing is done & Called shaping. The part of garment may have to be shrunk or stretched for shaping.

For shaping, pressing machine with special bed is used.


Posted on June 7, 2014, in Garments Technology-II and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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