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Buttons

A button is an object that is used in garments either for the purpose of fastening or for

images

Fig: Buttons

ornamentation or both. Buttons are usually in the shape of a disc or a knob. Evidence shows that, buttons have been used since as long back as 1500 – 2000 BC. Buttons used in 2600 – 2800  BC have been excavated in the ancient Indus valley, while those used in 1500 – 2000 BC have been found in China as well as in Rome.

 

Evolution of Button:

13th century ——– Buttons were used as ornament.

16th century ——– Began being attached as a functional fastener.

15th & 16th century ——–Buttons plated with Gold & silver were popular among the noble class.

18th century ———- The trend of enamel buttons set in. Read the rest of this entry

Top fashion cities with ranking ! (2013)

Fashion

The Top Global Fashion Capital Rankings are listed below, in the format:  Position, City, Change from 2012, and comment.

  1. New York (+1) — The Big Apple is back on top of the fashion world by slipping past Paris by .5%.
  2. Paris (+2) – The Top Global Fashion Capital for Haute Couture is surprisingly strong in pret-a-porter, also.
  3. London (-2) – London has enjoyed a fabulous two-year run and is now secure in its place in the top echelon for global fashion.
  4. Los Angeles (+5) – Zut alors! Tinsel Town in the Top Four? The result of the melding of the Red Carpet, the Industry (film, of course), and West Coast cool.
  5. Barcelona (-2)  –  Espana, again, places two Fashion Capitals in the Top Fifteen.  Barcelona also wins the Top Fashion Capital for Swimwear.
  6. Rome (0) — Rome may have Seven Hills but Italy now has Three Fashion Capitals (and Milan is No. 2).
  7. Berlin (+3)  – Berlin continues its steady rise moving deeper into the the elite ranks.
  8. Sydney (+7)  –  Sydney towers over OZ distancing (and distinguishing) itself, once again, from Melbourne.
  9. Antwerp (+2)  – Ah Antwerp, reverberations of the avant garde Antwerp Six continues into the 21st century.
  10. Shanghai (+12) –  As China further emerges onto the world stage, Shanghai leads the fashion charge.
  11. Tokyo (+9) – Tokyo made a leap in 2013 that many consider long overdue.
  12. Milano (-4)  –  Milan was the Top Global Fashion Capital back in 2009 and remains a strong contender for the top spot year-after-year.
  13. Florence (+3)  – Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci and Botticelli — A proud heritage to a thriving fashion industry in 2013.
  14. Madrid (-9) –  Still strong in 2013,  further cementing its place among the elite Fashion Capitals.
  15. Sao Paulo (-8)  – Again, the Queen of Latin American Fashion Capitals.
  16. St. Petersburg (+35)  –  Russian comes into 2014 with two Fashion Capitals in the Top Twenty, with Petrograd surprising  Moscow.  
  17. Moscow (+18)  –  Apparently a rising tide does, indeed, raise all ships as Moscow comes back strong from 2012.
  18. Singapore (+1)  –  Basically standing in place (and a good  place to stand) but now trailing both Shanghai and Tokyo.
  19. Miami (+20)  –  Miami is, indeed, more than swimwear; and the fashion world apparently recognizes it.
  20. Hong Kong (-8)  –  Down another eight spots this year but still a strong global presence.
  21. Prague (+24)  –  Prague continues its well-deserved ascension up the Fashion Capital ladder.
  22. New Delhi (+26)  –  A major move for Delhi, the result of ‘sticking to the knitting’ (its traditional strengths) and focusing on them.
  23. Krakow (+10)  –  Krakow continues it curious and continuous expansion of influence.
  24. Warsaw (+19)  –  Warsaw, too, is finding its stride as a major regional player.
  25. Dallas (+21)  –  The Big D is now the top US regional Fashion Capital.
  26. Melbourne (-5)  –  Still solid but falling further behind Sydney in the race for the OZ title.
  27. Cape Town (+27)  –  In a major surprise, Cape Town leaps over Jo-burg or, rather, Jo-burg falls behind the Mother City.
  28. Rio de Janeiro (-11)  –  Rio, which has the upcoming World Cup and Summer Olympics in 2016, needs to keep pace with Sao Paulo.
  29. Chicago (+21)  –  The City of Big Shoulders continues to reach out as a global fashion contender.
  30. Buenos Aires (-17)  –  Buenos Aires’s native-born son, Jorge Mario Bergoglio, has won a major fashion award, as the city itself flourishes as a regional Fashion Capital.
  31. Dubai (-3)  – A burgeoning global presence and the No. 1 Fashion Capital in the Middle East.
  32. Toronto (+21)  –  Makes a major move to take the lead in Canada, over Toronto (by one) and Montreal (by 15).
  33. Vancouver (-2)  –  VanCity is developing its own, distinctive fashion sense, finding admirers the world over.
  34. Las Vegas (-10)  –  Las Vegas is attempting to build a brand-new fashion infrastructure.
  35. Amsterdam (-8)  – Creative impulses continue to flow outward from the Netherlands.
  36. Stockholm  (-4)  –  Stockholm is now the Nordic Fashion Capital, with good reason.
  37. Johannesburg (-19)  – Jo-burg, continues in its role as a major regional center influencers.
  38. Vienna (-1)  –  The ancient imperial citadel continues to exert its classic fashion sense.
  39. Bali (-25)  –  Bali is a serious Fashion Capital for Swimwear, a strong annual contender.
  40. Boston ( 4)  –  Boston brings a classic sense of traditional American design with flashes of innovation.
  41. Mexico City (+6)  –  Finding its footing as a major Latin American Fashion Capital
  42. Houston (+7)  –  One of the three Texas cities to emerge in recent years.
  43. Copenhagen (-13)  –  Copenhagen and Stockholm continue to contend for leadership in the Nordic World.
  44. Monaco (-19)  –  Monte Carlo is, well, Monte Carlo.
  45. Mumbai (-7)  –  Over the last few years Delhi has surpassed Mumbai as the Fashion Capital of the Subcontinent.
  46. Atlanta (+9)  –  Atlanta, is now the Fashion Capital, as well as the Capital of the New South.
  47. Santiago (-21)  –  A solid, yet idiosyncratic, fashion presence in the sphere of Latin American Fashion.
  48. Montreal (+4)  –  An Old World presence in a thriving New World metropolis.
  49. Caracas (-26)  –  Working hard to maintain its traditional yet advanced fashion sensibilities.
  50. San Francisco (-9)  –  Continues to thrive as one of the two centers of outer (and odd) fashion in the US.
  51. Abu Dhabi (-11)  –  There are more vibrant outposts of fashion that are contending to replace Abu Dhabi on this list.
  52. Bangkok  (-23)  – Bangkok’s  fashion reputation reflected the decline of civil order  in Thailand.
  53. Austin (-11)  –  The other thriving center of outr (and odd) fashion in the US.
  54. Frankfurt (-18)  –  Berlin’s towering  fashion stature overshadows Frankfurt am Main.
  55. Seoul (-21)  –  The emerging Fashion Capital continues to build on its distinctive sense of Asian style.

 

Courtesy : http://www.languagemonitor.com

The 50 best fashion quotes of all time

Victoria Beckham

“One is never over-dressed or under-dressed with a Little Black Dress.” —Karl Lagerfeld

“Before you leave the house, look in the mirror and remove one accessory.” —Coco Chanel

I firmly believe that with the right footwear one can rule the world. —Bette Midler

“I loathe narcissism, but I approve of vanity.” —Diana Vreeland

“A woman’s dress should be a like a barbed-wire fence: serving its purpose without obstructing the view.” —Sophia Loren

“I like my money right where I can see it…hanging in my closet.” —Carrie Bradshaw

“Nothing tastes as good as skinny feels.” —Kate Moss

“I can’t concentrate in flats!” —Victoria Beckham

“I don’t do fashion. I am fashion.” —Coco Chanel

“Walk like you have three men walking behind you.” —Oscar de la Renta

“You can have anything you want in life if you dress for it.” —Edith Head

“Fashion is the armor to survive the reality of everyday life.” —Bill Cunningham

“When in doubt, wear red.” —Bill Blass

“I don’t design clothes. I design dreams.” —Ralph Lauren

“Clothes mean nothing until someone lives in them.” —Marc Jacobs

“Fashions fade, style is eternal.” —Yves Saint Laurent Read the rest of this entry

An influential movie about fashion press and fashion industry!

 

The devil wears prada is an influential movie on fashion press and fashion industry.

The devil wears prada

Storyline: 

In New York, the simple and naive just-graduated in journalism Andrea Sachs is hired to work as the second assistant of the powerful and sophisticated Miranda Priestly, the ruthless and merciless executive of the Runway fashion magazine. Andrea dreams to become a journalist and faces the opportunity as a temporary professional challenge. The first assistant Emily advises Andrea about the behavior and preferences of their cruel boss, and the stylist Nigel helps Andrea to dress more adequately for the environment. Andrea changes her attitude and behavior, affecting her private life and the relationship with her boyfriend Nate, her family and friends. In the end, Andrea learns that life is made of choices.

Official trailer:

Torrent Link:

Click here to Download the torrent file.

Fashion and Style!!

Fashion and Style!!

Do you agree?

Courtesy: http://instagram.com/elleusa

Workshop on Academic Writing

The clothing Institute

The Clothing institute is offering academic writing workshops for BSc. final year students and MSc. researchers. Already two workshops for the MSc. researchers of Bangladesh University of Textiles (BUTex) have been organised in January 2014. Further details of the workshops can be downloaded from the following links:

How to write an M.Sc. thesis 

How to write an excellent B.Sc. research project/Thesis

1) First Workshop on MSc. Thesis Writing

The Clothing Institute organised the 1st Academic Writing Workshop on how to write an MSc. Thesis  on 26 Jan 2016. The small group workshop was attended by faculty members and researchers from Bangladesh University of Textiles, Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology, Ahsanullah University of Science & Technology, Daffodil International University, Privatization Commission of GoB and Square Textiles Ltd. Out of the 7 participants, 6 are currently postgraduate researchers at the Bangladesh University of Textiles. Even though the event was designed for the textile engineers, a faculty member of the computer science department of the Daffodil International University also took part in the workshop and actively participated and as well as enjoyed it. The workshop was conducted by Dr. Abu Sadat Muhammad Sayem. Read the rest of this entry

Pros and Cons of garment industry: Future prospects and challenges of Bangladesh Garment Business

Author: Joy Sarkar

Written: May, 2013

Published : December, 2013

Store showing that, they don’t source from Bangladesh

Store showing that, they don’t source from Bangladesh

ABSTRACT

The importance of the textile industry in the economy of Bangladesh is very high. The garments manufacturing sector earned $19 billion in the year to June 2012, one of the impoverished nation’s biggest industries. Currently this industry is facing great challenges in its growth rate. The major reasons for these challenges can be the global recession, unfavorable trade policies, internal security concerns, the high cost of production due to increase in the energy costs, different safety issues specially fire, etc. Depreciation of Bangladeshi Taka that significantly raised the cost of imported inputs, rise in inflation rate, and high cost of financing has also effected seriously the growth in the textile industry. As a result neither the buyers are able to visit frequently Bangladesh nor are the exporters able to travel abroad for effectively marketing their products. With an in-depth investigation it was found that the Bangladesh textile industry can be brought on top winning track if government and others individuals takes serious actions in removing or normalizing the above mentioned hurdles. Additionally, the government should provide subsidy to the textile industry, minimize the internal dispute among the exporters, withdraw the withholding and sales taxes etc. Purchasing new machinery or enhancing the quality of the existing machinery and introducing new technology can also be very useful in increasing the research and development (R and  D) related activities that  in the modern era are very important for increasing the industrial growth of a country.  Read the rest of this entry

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