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Hook & loop fastening: VELCRO


  • A Swiss inventor made this product & offered the Trade name VELCRO, comes from the French word VELOUR (velvet) & crochet.
  • Consists of 2 nylon tapes, one having a surface of loops & the other having surface of hooks. When pressed together, two tapes adhere & cannot be opened by side way turn easily open by upward turns.
  • This trimming is used instead of buttons or zippers.
  • It is available in the market in roll form. Most common width 5/8” to 3/4”.
  • Used in shoes, belts, money bags, bags, suitcase, sportswear, children, medical textiles etc.
  • Mostly used in the garments of paralyzed persons’.
  • ‘VELCRO’ is also a famous brand for Hook & Loop Fastening.


  • Not suitable for light weight garments, due to high thickness.
  • Efficiency reduces due to dirt, dust & materials deposited in the hook or loops.
  • The possibility of fabric damage.
  • Not comfortable to wear due to less flexibility of tape.


A button is an object that is used in garments either for the purpose of fastening or for


Fig: Buttons

ornamentation or both. Buttons are usually in the shape of a disc or a knob. Evidence shows that, buttons have been used since as long back as 1500 – 2000 BC. Buttons used in 2600 – 2800  BC have been excavated in the ancient Indus valley, while those used in 1500 – 2000 BC have been found in China as well as in Rome.


Evolution of Button:

13th century ——– Buttons were used as ornament.

16th century ——– Began being attached as a functional fastener.

15th & 16th century ——–Buttons plated with Gold & silver were popular among the noble class.

18th century ———- The trend of enamel buttons set in. Read the rest of this entry

Zipper: The continuous fasteners!!



Evolution of zipper:

  • Zipper is the brainchild of Mr. Whitcomb Judson.
  • It was introduced in 1893 at the Chicago World’s Fair, then with the name ‘Clasp Locker’.
  • Gideon Sundback, an electrical engineer, who was hired to work for the company designed the modern zipper in 1913.
  • B.F. Goodrich Company renamed it as ‘Zipper’.
  • Initially during 1930, zippers were featured in child clothing complementing them for helping children to dress up quickly & by themselves.
  • Zippers came into limelight in 1937 through the French fashion designers who used them on men’s trouser.
  • Esquire magazine described the zippers as ‘Newest Tailoring Idea for Men’.
  • The next big boost for zippers came when they were used on jackets and could be opened on both ends. Read the rest of this entry
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