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Hook & loop fastening: VELCRO

FEATURES:

  • A Swiss inventor made this product & offered the Trade name VELCRO, comes from the French word VELOUR (velvet) & crochet.
  • Consists of 2 nylon tapes, one having a surface of loops & the other having surface of hooks. When pressed together, two tapes adhere & cannot be opened by side way turn easily open by upward turns.
  • This trimming is used instead of buttons or zippers.
  • It is available in the market in roll form. Most common width 5/8” to 3/4”.
  • Used in shoes, belts, money bags, bags, suitcase, sportswear, children, medical textiles etc.
  • Mostly used in the garments of paralyzed persons’.
  • ‘VELCRO’ is also a famous brand for Hook & Loop Fastening.

Disadvantages:

  • Not suitable for light weight garments, due to high thickness.
  • Efficiency reduces due to dirt, dust & materials deposited in the hook or loops.
  • The possibility of fabric damage.
  • Not comfortable to wear due to less flexibility of tape.

Zipper: The continuous fasteners!!

ZIPPERS

ZIPPERS

Evolution of zipper:

  • Zipper is the brainchild of Mr. Whitcomb Judson.
  • It was introduced in 1893 at the Chicago World’s Fair, then with the name ‘Clasp Locker’.
  • Gideon Sundback, an electrical engineer, who was hired to work for the company designed the modern zipper in 1913.
  • B.F. Goodrich Company renamed it as ‘Zipper’.
  • Initially during 1930, zippers were featured in child clothing complementing them for helping children to dress up quickly & by themselves.
  • Zippers came into limelight in 1937 through the French fashion designers who used them on men’s trouser.
  • Esquire magazine described the zippers as ‘Newest Tailoring Idea for Men’.
  • The next big boost for zippers came when they were used on jackets and could be opened on both ends. Read the rest of this entry

Marker Planning

Marker

Marker is a long thin paper which contains all necessary pattern pieces for different sizes for a particular style of garments. It is planned in such a way that fabric wastage would be least.

Example of a Marker

Example of a Marker

By making a marker it is possible to achieve more benefit by producing a garment with reduced wastage. Normally the width of a marker is kept according to the cutable width of the fabric and the length of a marker normally depends on the number and sizes of pattern placed on a marker. The length also depends on- Read the rest of this entry

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