Thermal Manikin: SAM and ADAM

Prepared by:

Md. Mostafa Khan

Dept. of Textile Engineering, KUET

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Hook & loop fastening: VELCRO

FEATURES:

  • A Swiss inventor made this product & offered the Trade name VELCRO, comes from the French word VELOUR (velvet) & crochet.
  • Consists of 2 nylon tapes, one having a surface of loops & the other having surface of hooks. When pressed together, two tapes adhere & cannot be opened by side way turn easily open by upward turns.
  • This trimming is used instead of buttons or zippers.
  • It is available in the market in roll form. Most common width 5/8” to 3/4”.
  • Used in shoes, belts, money bags, bags, suitcase, sportswear, children, medical textiles etc.
  • Mostly used in the garments of paralyzed persons’.
  • ‘VELCRO’ is also a famous brand for Hook & Loop Fastening.

Disadvantages:

  • Not suitable for light weight garments, due to high thickness.
  • Efficiency reduces due to dirt, dust & materials deposited in the hook or loops.
  • The possibility of fabric damage.
  • Not comfortable to wear due to less flexibility of tape.

Labels

2013-05-10-huffpost2

  • Labels are Mandatory in case of international garments trading. Without label no garments can be sold.
  • Trade name, country of origin, size, care instruction etc. are shown mainly on the label.
  • In good quality labels, information’s are woven by narrow loom (Jacquard is most common). The cut ends are folded inward & sewn with plain or zigzag machine.
  • Low price labels are wider & are printed on a fabric made from thermoplastic fibre. The cut edge are heat sealed & supplied in roll form to the RMG industry.

Read the rest of this entry

Buttons

A button is an object that is used in garments either for the purpose of fastening or for

images

Fig: Buttons

ornamentation or both. Buttons are usually in the shape of a disc or a knob. Evidence shows that, buttons have been used since as long back as 1500 – 2000 BC. Buttons used in 2600 – 2800  BC have been excavated in the ancient Indus valley, while those used in 1500 – 2000 BC have been found in China as well as in Rome.

 

Evolution of Button:

13th century ——– Buttons were used as ornament.

16th century ——– Began being attached as a functional fastener.

15th & 16th century ——–Buttons plated with Gold & silver were popular among the noble class.

18th century ———- The trend of enamel buttons set in. Read the rest of this entry

Introduction to Bicomponent Fibers

Introduction to Warp Knitting

Warp knitting:
• In a warp knitted structure, each loop in the horizontal direction is made from a different thread and the number of threads used to produce such a fabric is at least equal to the number of loops in a horizontal row.
• In warp knitting, the thread runs thoroughly in a vertical direction

Weft knitting:
• In a weft knitted structure, a horizontal row of loops can be made by using one thread and thread runs in horizontal direction.

Knitting                Knitting-2 

Guide:
• Warp guides are thin metal plates drilled with a hollow in their lower end through which a warp end may be threaded if required, they are held together at their upper end in a metal lead and are spaced in it to the cam gauge as the m/c
• The leads in turn are attached to a guide bar so that the guides hang down from it with each one occupying a position at least midway between two adjacent needles in this position. The warp thread cannot be received by the needles and it will merely produce a straight vertical float. Read the rest of this entry

Free Textile E-book: Fundamentals and practices in colouration of textiles

9789380308463

Book Name: Fundamentals and practices in colouration of textiles     
By: J N Chakraborty
Publisher: WOODHEAD PUBLISHING INDIA PVT LTD
Link: Download

index

Automatic Fabric Spreading Process

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